What is Adaptive Skiing & Sports?

What is adaptive skiing? Well in the simplest terms, it is to bypass your limitation and adapt your self, be it with training and or special equipment to go on and ski. There are many types of adaptive skiing, but with one thing in common, it's skiing!



The mono-ski was developed for individuals who ski in a sitting position. A mono-skier should have good upper body strength, balance and trunk mobility. An individual with double lower extremity amputations, spina bifida, or with a spinal cord injury of T-6 or below is a good candidate for the mono-ski.

The skier sits in a molded seat (bucket) mounted to a frame above a single ski. A shock absorber links the frame to the ski. Two outriggers are used for balance and turning. The design of the mono-ski allows the skier to use the ski dynamically. The mono-ski is designed so the skier can independently load onto the chairlift. This provides the opportunity for an independent ski experience. A mono-skier can achieve a very high skill level and ski some of the most challenging terrain.



The bi-ski was developed for individuals who ski in a sitting position. This may include those with multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, brain injury or individuals with spinal cord injuries.

A bi-skier sits in a molded fiberglass shell above two specially designed skis. The two skis give a wider base and better balance than a mono-ski. The bi-ski can be skied independently with the use of two outriggers for balance and turning. For beginner skiers and those needing more assistance, fixed outriggers and a handlebar can be utilized. The bi-ski must be tethered by a ski instructor whenever the fixed outriggers are used.




The Sit-Ski was one of the first sitting position skis developed, for individuals with lower extremity limitations. This may include those with multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, lower extremity amputations, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, brain injury or spinal cord injuries. The Sit-Ski is usually preferred by people with significant physical limitations. To turn the Sit-Ski, a skier can drag very short ski poles in the snow and lean in the desired direction.



Three Track

These skiers have one sound leg and two sound arms. They are generally individuals who have amputations, post polio or hemiplegia. Three trackers use a fullsize ski and outriggers giving them three points of contact on the snow. These skiers usually progress quite rapidly.


Four Track

Four track skiers use two skis and two outriggers. Sometimes they will use a ski bra that connects the ski tips from crossing or wandering. Individuals with involvement of the lower extremities are among those who can benefit from fout-track instruction. This may include individuals with cerebral palsy, spina bifida, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, brain injury or those who have lower extremity amputations. Almost anyone who walks with canes or crutches may ski four-track.

Outriggers are adapted forearm crutches with ski tips mounted on the bottom. They aid the skier in stability and turning. Two skis and two outriggers provide the four tracker with four points of contact on the snow.

Any sport can be an adaptive sport. The trick is to adapt. You know the sport you love, find a way to make it happen.

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